ComputerSecurityStudent (CSS) [Login] [Join Now]




|UNIX >> Fedora >> Current Page |Views: 8699

(Fedora: Lesson 15)

{ Comparing Redhat and Debian Package Management}


Section 0. Background Information
  • Overview 
    • Below are comparison tables for both Redhat(Fedora, CentOS) and Debian(Ubuntu, BackTrack) equivalent commands pertaining to package management and start up script configuration.

 

Section 1. Package Management
  • Below is a table of equivalent commands for package management on both Ubuntu/Debian and Red Hat/Fedora systems.

Task

Red Hat/Fedora

Ubuntu

Adding, Removing and Upgrading Packages

Refresh list of available packages

Yum refreshes each time it's used

apt-get update

Install a package from a repository

yum install package_name

apt-get install package_name

Install a package file

yum install package.rpm
rpm -i package.rpm

dpkg --install package.deb

Remove a package

rpm -e package_name

apt-get remove package_name

Check for package upgrades

yum check-update

apt-get -s upgrade
apt-get -s dist-upgrade

Upgrade packages

yum update
rpm -Uvh [args]

apt-get dist-upgrade

Upgrade the entire system

yum upgrade

apt-get dist-upgrade

 

Task

Red Hat/Fedora

Ubuntu

Package Information

Get information about an available package

yum search package_name

apt-cache search package_name

Show available packages

yum list available

apt-cache dumpavail

List all installed packages

yum list installed
rpm -qa

dpkg --list

Get information about a package

yum info package_name

apt-cache show package_name

Get information about an installed package

rpm -qi package_name

dpkg --status package_name

List files in an installed package

rpm -ql package_name

dpkg --listfiles package_name

List documentation files in an installed package

rpm -qd package_name

-

List configuration files in an installed package

rpm -qc package_name

-

Show the packages a given package depends on

rpm -qR package_name

apt-cache depends

Show other packages that depend on a
given package (reverse dependency)

rpm -q -whatrequires [args]

apt-cache rdepends

 

Task

Red Hat/Fedora

Ubuntu

Package File Information

Get information about a package file

rpm -qpi package.rpm

dpkg --info package.deb

List files in a package file

rpm -qpl package.rpm

dpkg --contents package.deb

List documentation files in a package file

rpm -qpd package.rpm

-

List configuration files in a package file

rpm -qpc package.rpm

-

Extract files in a package

rpm2cpio package.rpm | cpio -vid

dpkg-deb --extract package.deb dir-to-extract-to

Find package that installed a file

rpm -qf filename

dpkg --search filename

Find package that provides a particular file

yum provides filename

apt-file search filename

 

Task

Red Hat/Fedora

Ubuntu

Misc. Packaging System Tools

Show stats about the package cache

-

apt-cache stats

Verify all installed packages

rpm -Va

debsums

Remove packages from the local cache directory

yum clean packages

apt-get clean

Remove only obsolete packages from the local cache directory

-

apt-get autoclean

Remove header files from the local cache directory
(forcing a new download of same on next use)

yum clean headers

apt-file purge

 

Task

Red Hat/Fedora

Ubuntu

General Packaging System Information

Package file extension

*.rpm

*.deb

Repository location configuration

/etc/yum.conf

/etc/apt/sources.list

 

Section 2. Start Up Script Management

 

Task

Red Hat / Fedora

Ubuntu

Ubuntu
(with sysv-rc-conf or sysvconfig)

Startup Script Configuration

Starting/stopping services immediately

service httpd start

invoke-rc.d apache start

service apache start

Enabling a service at boot

chkconfig httpd on

update-rc.d apache defaults

sysv-rc-conf apache on

Disabling a service at boot

chkconfig httpd off

update-rc.d apache purge

sysv-rc-conf apache off

 

 

 



Help ComputerSecurityStudent
pay for continued research,
resources & bandwidth